What is a HEPA Filter in a Vacuum Cleand and how does it Work?

How a HEPA filter works and its applications with industrial vacuum cleaners
Dates30/11/2022
hepa_filters_copia

HEPA filtration is very important in many industrial processes. Vacuum cleaners equipped with HEPA filters are used in many sectors and for the most diverse applications. In certain instances, HEPA filters are essential to ensure the safety of production operators.

What are HEPA filters on industrial vacuums?

The term “HEPA”, is an acronym for “High Efficiency Particulate Air [Filter]”, referring to a type of high-efficiency filter certified for the capture of airborne particles down to 0.3 µm.

According to ISO standards, a filter is classified according to the percentage of 0.3 µm particles it can remove. To acquire a HEPA certification, the filter must meet the requirement of between 99.97% and 99.995% efficiency. Specifically, there are two main types of HEPA filters:

  • H13 with an efficiency of at least 99.97%
  • H14 with an efficiency of at least 99.995%

All Depureco Industrial Vacuums can be configured with a HEPA H14-certified filter, supplementary to the primary filter

Thanks to HEPA H14-certified industrial filters, it is possible to filter very fine and hazardous dust.

Photobutton Silica Dust (2)

Examples of hazardous dust captured by HEPA H14 filters

HEPA H14 filters play a crucial role in maintaining a safe working environment by effectively capturing hazardous dust particles. Below is a list of examples showcasing the various range of materials that these filters are capable of capturing:

How do HEPA filters work?

Particle filtration occurs primarily in 3 different ways, depending on the type of particle:

  • IMPACT – Large Particle: The particles are too large to pass through the holes in the filter medium and remain trapped on the outside of the material.
  • INTERCEPTION – medium size: Air carries particles through an intricate fiber structure, and the particles impact on the surface of these fibers, becoming trapped.
  • DIFFUSION – small size: Diffusion acts on the smallest particles that collide with each other and with other particles. Their direction changes very quickly and they lose speed.  This type of movement eventually causes particles to collide with the fibers of the HEPA H14 filter medium.
Filtering Mechanism Ita

Ask a Depureco expert for more information on the best filtration solution for your specific application.

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